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Philippine Rabbit Bus Lines vs Arciaga
148 scra 438
Finality of Judgment
On August 24, 1960, Taurino Singson as paying passenger on board bus belonging to the PRBL sustained multiple serious physical injuries when the said bus crashed against an acacia tree at Balaoan La Union. Thereafter, he brought a complaint for contractual tort. In each answer, defendant interposed the defense that the collusion was due to fortuitous event. The case was set for trial but the case was dismissed for non appearance of the plaintiff. He then filed an appeal on the grounds of equity.
ISSUE: Whether or not the dismissal of the case was proper.
HELD: The Supreme Court upheld the dismissal of the case basing its decision on the doctrine of finality of judgment grounded on fundamental considerations concerning public policy and sound practice. The court further states that the principle of equity cannot be applied to him. To him, the well known maxim which is that “equity aids the vigilant, not those who slumber on their rights” is applicable.
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