Engracio Francia vs ...

162 SCRA 753 – Taxation Law – General Principles – Set-off of Taxes Engracio Francia was the owner of a 328 square meter land in Pasay City. In October 1977, a portion of his land (125 square meter) was expropriated by the government for P4,116.00. The expropriation was made to give...

EXCONDE vs CAPUNO Mar08

EXCONDE vs CAPUNO

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. L-10134         June 29, 1957 SABINA EXCONDE, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. DELFIN CAPUNO and DANTE CAPUNO, Defendants-Appellees. D E C I S I O N BAUTISTA ANGELO, J.: Dante Capuno, son of Delfin Capuno,...

TAN vs TABIN Mar08

TAN vs TABIN

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila THIRD DIVISION A.M. No. MTJ-09-1729               January 20, 2009 (Formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 07-1910-MTJ) NORYN S. TAN, Petitioner, vs. JUDGE MARIA CLARITA CASUGA-TABIN, Municipal Trial Court in Cities, Branch 4,...

Noryn Tan vs Judge C...

Remedial Law – Summary Procedure – Warrant of Arrest – Notice to the Accused Legal Ethics – Judicial Ethics – Abuse of Authority In 2006, a criminal case was filed against Noryn Tan for estafa in the Municipal Trial Court of Baguio (Branch 4). Arraignment was set to fall on October...

AIR FRANCE vs CARRASCOSO Mar04

AIR FRANCE vs CARRAS...

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. L-21438             September 28, 1966 AIR FRANCE, petitioner, vs. RAFAEL CARRASCOSO and the HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, respondents. Lichauco, Picazo and Agcaoili for petitioner. Bengzon Villegas...

Air France vs Rafael...

Civil Law – Torts and Damages – Negligence – Malfeasance – Quasi-Delict Remedial Law – Evidence – Hearsay Rule – Res Gestae – Startling Event In March 1958, Rafael Carrascoso and several other Filipinos were tourists en route to Rome from Manila. Carrascoso was issued a first...

ROSALES vs SUBA Mar02

ROSALES vs SUBA

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila THIRD DIVISION G.R. No. 137792               August 12, 2003 SPOUSES RICARDO ROSALES and ERLINDA SIBUG, Petitioners, vs. SPOUSES ALFONSO and LOURDES SUBA, THE CITY SHERIFF OF MANILA, Respondents. D E C I S I O...

Spouses Ricardo Rosa...

Civil Law – Secured Transactions – Real Mortgage – Judicial Foreclosure – No right of redemption in judicial foreclosure Remedial Law – Civil Procedure – Special Civil Actions – Judicial Foreclosure The spouses Ricardo Rosales and Erlinda Sibug were indebted to a...

CONSOLIDATED BANK vs CA Feb25

CONSOLIDATED BANK vs...

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines Supreme Court Manila FIRST DIVISION G.R. No. 138569            September 11, 2003 THE CONSOLIDATED BANK and TRUST CORPORATION, petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and L.C. DIAZ and COMPANY, CPA’s, respondents. D E C I S I O...

Consolidated Bank an...

Civil Law – Secured Transactions – Simple Loan – Relation between bank and depositor L.C. Diaz and Company (LC Diaz), an accounting firm, has a savings account with Consolidated Bank and Trust Corporation (now called Solidbank Corporation). On August 14, 1991, the firm’s messenger, a...

FARIÑAS vs BUAN Feb21

FARIÑAS vs BUAN

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. L-12306-7           November 29, 1961 ROSA L. VDA. DE FARIÑAS, petitioner, vs. ESTATE OF FLORENCIO P. BUAN, respondent. Castor Raval and R. P. Sarandi for petitioner. Graciano C. Regala for...

Rosa Fariñas vs Esta...

Mercantile Law – Transportation Laws – Certificate of Public Convenience – Requirement for Financial Stability of Franchise Operators In 1955, Rosa Fariñas filed an application  for the registration of 5 passenger trucks. This is in addition to the 4 other trucks already in...

JOHANNES vs IMPERIAL Feb20

JOHANNES vs IMPERIAL

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. L-19153             June 30, 1922 B. E. JOHANNES, as principal administrator of the estate of Carmen Theodora Johannes, relator, vs. CARLOS A. IMPERIAL, as judge of the Court of First Instance, City...

B.E. Johannes vs Jud...

Taxation – Estate Tax – Deductions – Judicial Expenses Civil Law – Succession – Deductions from the Estate In August 1921, Carmen Johannes died leaving an estate of about P109k deposited in the Philippine National Bank. At the time of her death, Carmen was domiciled in Singapore. In...

PEOPLE vs FALLONES Feb19

PEOPLE vs FALLONES

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila SECOND DIVISION G.R. No. 190341               March 16, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, vs. ROMY FALLONES y LABANA, Appellant. D E C I S I O N ABAD, J.: This case involves the admissibility of the...

People of the Philip...

Remedial Law – Evidence – Res Gestae In the morning of June 29, 2004 Amalia was told by her mother to look for her sister Alice. Alice was an 18 years old girl with the mind of a 5 year old. Amalia looked for Alice all over the neighborhood until she neared the house of Romy Fallones. As...

GAMBOA vs TEVES | 2012 MFR Feb15

GAMBOA vs TEVES | 20...

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. READ 2011 DECISION Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. 176579               October 9, 2012 HEIRS OF WILSON P. GAMBOA*, Petitioners, vs. FINANCE SECRETARY MARGARITO B. TEVES, FINANCE UNDERSECRETARY JOHN P. SEVILLA, AND COMMISSIONER...

GAMBOA vs TEVES Feb15

GAMBOA vs TEVES

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. READ 2012 DECISION ON MFR Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. 176579               June 28, 2011 WILSON P. GAMBOA, Petitioner, vs. FINANCE SECRETARY MARGARITO B. TEVES, FINANCE UNDERSECRETARY JOHN P. SEVILLA, AND COMMISSIONER RICARDO...

Wilson Gamboa vs Sec...

Mercantile Law – Corporation Code – Capital – What “Capital” means In 1928, the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) was granted a franchise to engage in the business of telecommunications. Telecommunications is a nationalized area of activity where a corporation engaged...

ILORETA vs PHILIPPINE TRANSMARINE Feb13

ILORETA vs PHILIPPIN...

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila G.R. NO. 183908               December 4, 2009 JOELSON O. ILORETA, Petitioner, vs. PHILIPPINE TRANSMARINE CARRIERS, INC. and NORBULK SHIPPING U.K., LTD., Respondents. D E C I S I O N CARPIO MORALES, J.: Joelson...

Joelson Iloreta vs P...

607 SCRA 796 - Labor Law – Labor Relations – Seafarers – Permanent Total Disability – Physician’s Findings In 2002, Joelson Iloreta was hired as a seaman aboard a foreign ship (MS Nautilus) operated by Norbulk Shipping U.K., Ltd. He was hired through Philippine Transmarine Carriers,...

ABBAS vs ABBAS Feb12

ABBAS vs ABBAS

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila THIRD DIVISION G.R. No. 183896               January 30, 2013 SYED AZHAR ABBAS, Petitioner, vs. GLORIA GOO-ABBAS, Respondent. D E C I S I O N VELASCO, JR., J.: This is a Petition for Review on Certiorari under...

Syed Azhar Abbas vs ...

Civil Law – Family Code – Bigamy – Void Ab Initio Marriage – Lack of a Marriage License Remedial Law – Evidence – Probative Value – Public Records In January 1993, Syed Azhar Abbas was invited to the house of Felicitas Goo, mother of Gloria Goo. He said he was asked...

ABBAS vs SET Feb12

ABBAS vs SET

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. 83767            October 27, 1988 FIRDAUSI SMAIL ABBAS, HOMOBONO A. ADAZA, ALEJANDRO D. ALMENDRAS, ABUL KAHYR D. ALONTO, JUAN PONCE ENRILE, RENE G. ESPINA, WILSON P. GAMBOA, ROILO S. GOLEZ, ROMEO G....

GO vs BANGAYAN Feb11

GO vs BANGAYAN

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila SECOND DIVISION G.R. No. 201061               July 3, 2013 SALLY GO-BANGAYAN, Petitioner, vs. BENJAMIN BANGAYAN, JR., Respondent. D E C I S I O N CARPIO, J.: The Case Before the Court is a petition for...

Sally Go-Bangayan vs...

Civil Law – Family Code – Marriage – Bigamy – Non-existent marriage In September 1979, Benjamin Bangayan, Jr. married Azucena Alegre. In 1982, while Alegre was outside the Philippines, Benjamin developed a romantic relationship with Sally Go. Sally’s father was against this. In order...

PEREÑA vs ZARATE Jan28

PEREÑA vs ZARATE

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila FIRST DIVISION G.R. No. 157917               August 29, 2012 SPOUSES TEODORO1 and NANETTE PEREÑA, Petitioners, vs. SPOUSES NICOLAS and TERESITA L. ZARATE, PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RAILWAYS, and the COURT OF...

Spouses Teodoro and ...

Civil Law – Common Carrier – Private School Transport are Common Carriers Torts and Damages – Heirs of a high school student may be awarded damages for loss income  In June 1996, Nicolas and Teresita Zarate contracted Teodoro and Nanette Pereña to transport their (Zarate’s) son,...

LAND BANK vs COURT OF APPEALS Jan16

LAND BANK vs COURT O...

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila SECOND DIVISION G.R. No. 127181            September 4, 2001 LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, petitioner, vs. THE COURT OF APPEALS, ECO MANAGEMENT CORPORATION and EMMANUEL C. OÑATE, respondents. D E C I S I O...

Land Bank of the Phi...

Commercial Law – Corporation Law – Veil of Corporate Fiction – Corporate Name  In 1980, ECO Management Corporation (ECO) obtained loans amounting to about P26 million from Land Bank. ECO defaulted in its payment but in 1981, ECO submitted a Payment Plan with the hope of restructuring...

MSMG-UWP vs RAMOS Jan15

MSMG-UWP vs RAMOS

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Baguio City THIRD DIVISION G.R. No. 113907      April 20, 2001 MALAYANG SAMAHAN NG MGA MANGGAGAWA SA M. GREENFIELD (MSMG-UWP), ITS PRESIDENT BEDA MAGDALENA VILLANUEVA, MARIO DAGANIO, DONATO GUERRERO, BELLA P. SANCHEZ, ELENA...

Malayang Samahan ng ...

Commercial Law – Corporation Law – Veil of Corporate Fiction – Illegal Dismissal Cases  In February 1990, M. Greenfield, Inc. (MGI), through its officers Saul Tawil, Carlos Javelosa, and Renato Puangco began terminating employees. The corporation closed down one of their plants and so...

HORNILLA vs SALUNAT Jan14

HORNILLA vs SALUNAT

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila FIRST DIVISION A.C. No. 5804            July 1, 2003 BENEDICTO HORNILLA and ATTY. FEDERICO D. RICAFORT, complainants, vs. ATTY. ERNESTO S. SALUNAT, respondent. R E S O L U T I O N YNARES-SANTIAGO, J.: On November...

Benedicto Hornilla v...

Commercial Law – Corporation Law – Derivative Suit Legal Ethics – Conflict of Interests Benedicto Hornilla and Federico Ricafort were members of the Philippine Public School Teachers Association (PPSTA). In 1997, they accused the Board of Directors of PPSTA of unlawfully spending...

RETUYA vs DUMARPA Jan14

RETUYA vs DUMARPA

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila THIRD DIVISION G.R. No. 148848            August 5, 2003 JACINTO RETUYA, PRISCILA B. VALE, BALTAZAR QUILAT, ABDON DAYSON and ELEUTERIO ENSALADA, petitioners, vs. HON. SALIC B. DUMARPA, (Presiding Commissioner); Hon....

Jacinto Retuya vs Sa...

Commercial Law – Corporation Law – Doctrine of Separate Identity – Veil of Corporate Fiction  Antonio Murillo is the majority owner of Insular Builders, Inc. His son, Rodolfo Murillo is the manager thereof. Rodolfo also owns a corporation of his own, Queen City Builders, Inc. In 1993,...

MR HOLDINGS vs BAJAR Jan14

MR HOLDINGS vs BAJAR

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila THIRD DIVISION G.R. No. 138104            April 11, 2002 MR HOLDINGS, LTD., petitioner, vs. SHERIFF CARLOS P. BAJAR, SHERIFF FERDINAND M. JANDUSAY, SOLIDBANK CORPORATION, AND MARCOPPER MINING...

MR Holdings, Ltd. vs...

Commercial Law – Corporation Law – License Requirement – Foreign Corporation – Being an assignee does not automatically mean “doing business”  Marcopper Mining Corporation was unable to pay its loans from the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Later, ADB transferred all its rights to...

PERALTA vs COMELEC Jan14

PERALTA vs COMELEC

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. L-47771            March 11, 1978 PEDRO G. PERALTA, petitioner, vs. HON. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, HON. NATIONAL TREASURER, and KILUSANG BAGONG LIPUNAN,respondents. G.R. No. L-47803...

HUTCHISON PORTS vs SBMA Jan14

HUTCHISON PORTS vs S...

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila FIRST DIVISION G.R. No. 131367               August 31, 2000 HUTCHISON PORTS PHILIPPINES LIMITED, petitioner, vs. SUBIC BAY METROPOLITAN AUTHORITY, INTERNATIONAL CONTAINER TERMINAL SERVICES INC., ROYAL PORT...

Hutchison Ports Phil...

Commercial Law – Corporation Law – Foreign Corporation – License Requirement  In 1996, Hutchison Ports Philippines Limited  (HPPL)won a public bidding made by the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA). The project was to develop and operate a modern marine container terminal within...

AF REALTY vs DIESELMAN Jan09

AF REALTY vs DIESELM...

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila THIRD DIVISION G.R. No. 111448            January 16, 2002 AF REALTY & DEVELOPMENT, INC. and ZENAIDA R. RANULLO, petitioners, vs. DIESELMAN FREIGHT SERVICES, CO., MANUEL C. CRUZ, JR. and MIDAS DEVELOPMENT...

AF Realty & Dev...

Commercial Law – Corporation Law – Power of the Board – Ultra Vires Acts of Corporate Officers – Agency In 1988, Manuel Cruz, Jr., a board member of Dieselman Freight Services, Co. (DFS) authorized Cristeta Polintan to sell a 2,094 sq. m. parcel of land owned by DFS. Polintan in turn...

FCY CONSTRUCTION vs CA Jan09

FCY CONSTRUCTION vs ...

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila FIRST DIVISION G.R. No. 123358           February 1, 2000 FCY CONSTRUCTION GROUP, INC., and FRANCIS C. YU, petitioners, vs. THE COURT OF APPEALS, THE HON. JOSE C. DE LA RAMA, Presiding Judge, Branch 139, Regional...

FCY Construction Gro...

Commercial Law – Corporation Law – Corporation has identity separate and distinct from incorporators FCY Construction Group, Inc.  (FCY) was awarded a contract by the Department of Public Works and Highways to build a flyover. In 1993, FCY entered into a joint venture agreement with Ley...

PRIME WHITE CEMENT vs IAC Jan08

PRIME WHITE CEMENT v...

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila SECOND DIVISION  G.R. No. 68555             March 19, 1993  PRIME WHITE CEMENT CORPORATION, petitioner, vs. HONORABLE INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT and ALEJANDRO TE, respondents. D E  C  I  S  I O...

Prime White Cement C...

220 SCRA 103 – Commercial Law – Corporation Code – Award of Moral Damages to Corporations – Self-Dealing Director In July 1969, Zosimo Falcon and Justo Trazo entered into an agreement with Alejandro Te whereby it was agreed that from 1970 to 1976, Te shall be the sole dealer of 20,000...

CHAN WAN vs TAN KIM Dec27

CHAN WAN vs TAN KIM

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. L-15380             September 30, 1960 CHAN WAN, plaintiff-appellant, vs. TAN KIM and CHEN SO, defendants-appellees. Manuel Domingo for appellant. C.M. de los Reyes for appellees.   D E C I S I O...

Chan Wan vs Tan Kim ...

109 Phil 706 – Commercial Law – Negotiable Instruments Law – Negotiation after Dishonor – Holder in Due Course Tan Kim and her husband (Chen So) issued 11 checks payable to “cash or bearer” to be drawn against their account with the Equitable Banking Corporation. The checks...

MONTINOLA vs PNB Dec20

MONTINOLA vs PNB

READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. L-2861             February 26, 1951 ENRIQUE P. MONTINOLA, plaintiff-appellant, vs. THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, ET AL., defendants-appellees. Quijano, Rosete and Lucena for appellant. Second...

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