Uber Digests | Labor Law
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Labor Law

Rosario Gaa versus Court of Appeals et al

140 SCRA 304- Labor Law – Labor Procedures – Garnishment of Salaries – Salary is not Exempt from Execution Remedial Law – Civil Procedure – Limitations on Garnishment Civil Law […]

December 1, 2017

Spouses Jose and Marta Avendaño versus Judge Federico Alikpala et al.

Labor Law – Labor Procedures – Garnishment of Salaries Remedial Law – Civil Procedure – Limitations on Garnishment In 1962, Luzviminda San Pedro filed a case against Spouses Jose and […]

November 25, 2017


READ CASE DIGEST HERE. Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC G.R. No. L-21189           November 28, 1964 JOSE AVENDAÑO and MARTA AVENDAÑO, petitioners, vs. THE […]

November 25, 2017

Jaime Gapayao vs Rosario Fulo et al

698 SCRA 485 – Labor Law – Social Legislation – SSS Claims Labor Standards – Hours of Work – Employer-Employee Relations – Control Test Jaime Fulo had been working in […]

January 27, 2016

George Arriola vs Pilipino Star Ngayon, Inc.

A columnist whose column is removed by the newspaper from publication is not ipso facto terminated from work by the newspaper company. Money claims arising from employer-employee relationship: covered […]

October 26, 2015



October 14, 2015

Atlas Fertilizer Corporation vs National Labor Relations Commission

273 SCRA 549 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Preventive Suspension – No need to allege imminent threat in suspension letter Marissa Villanueva and Henry Payot were purchasing officers […]

October 14, 2015

Philippines Inter-Fashion, Inc. vs National Labor Relations Commission

117 SCRA 659 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Illegal Strike – Backwages In January 1980, the Philippines Inter-Fashion, Inc. decided to retrench 40 employees due to alleged lack of available […]

October 11, 2015

Hantex Trading Co., Inc. vs Court of Appeals

390 SCRA 181 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Constructive Dismissal – Refusal to be reinstated not necessarily abandonment In 1994, Bernardo Singson was hired as a sales agent […]

October 2, 2015

Carmelito Valenzona vs Fair Shipping Corporation

659 SCRA 642 – Labor Law – Social Legislation – Permanent Total Disability; When present In May 2001, Carmelito Valenzona was recruited and hired by the Fair Shipping Corporation to […]

June 8, 2015

Michael Peñalosa vs Candido Villanueva

177 SCRA 778 – Labor Law – Labor Standards – Wages – Primacy of Workers Lien; When Not Applicable In March 1985, Michael Peñalosa et al won a labor case against […]

April 5, 2015

Wilhelmina Orozco vs Court of Appeals (2008)

562 SCRA 36 – Labor Law – Labor Standards – Employer-employee Relationship in a Publication – Four Fold Test – Control Test In March 1990, Wilhelmina Orozco was hired as […]

January 24, 2015

Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company vs National Labor Relations Commission (1988)

164 SCRA 671 – Labor Law – Termination – Just and Authorized Causes – Separation Pay; When not available – Equity Marilyn Abucay has been an employee of the Philippine Long Distance […]

August 21, 2014

Patricia Sto. Tomas vs Rey Salac

The corporate officers and directors of a private recruitment company engaged in illegal recruitment are not automatically liable There must first be a finding that they were remiss in […]

June 7, 2014

Continental Steel Manufacturing Corporation vs Voluntary Arbitrator Allan Montaño

603 SCRA 621 – Labor Law – Labor Standards – Death Benefits for the Death of a Dependent – A Fetus is a Dependent Civil Law – Civil Personality – […]

April 26, 2014

Triple Eight Integrated Services, Inc. vs National Labor Relations Commission

299 SCRA 608 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Illegal Dismissal; Illness – Certification by a Competent Public Authority In August 1992, the Gulf Catering Company, a foreign company […]

April 24, 2014

Rizalino Alcosero et al vs National Labor Relations Commission

288 SCRA 129 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Quitclaims – NLRC Remedies; Certiorari; Appeal Bond Remedial Law – Appeal – Certiorari In 1992, the Apex Mining Co., Inc. […]

April 24, 2014

Del Pilar Academy vs Del Pilar Academy Employees Union

553 SCRA 590 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Agency Fee to be Deducted from Non-Union Members who Benefited In September 1994, the Del Pilar Academy and the Del […]

April 23, 2014

Yokohama Tire Philippines, Inc. vs Yokohama Employees Union (December 2007)

Labor Law – Labor Relations – Certification Election – Voting Rights of Dismissed Employees In November 2001, a certification election was held at Yokohama Tire Philippines, Inc. to certify the Yokohama […]

April 22, 2014

Eddie Manuel vs N.C. Construction Supply

282 SCRA 326 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Termination;Due Process – Just Causes Political Law – Constitutional Law – Right to Counsel In June 1995, the security guards of […]

April 22, 2014

Biflex Phils. Inc. Labor Union vs Filflex Industrial and Manufacturing Corporation

Labor Law – Labor Relations – Illegal Strike – Welga ng Bayan On October 24, 1990, the labor sector staged a “welga ng bayan” to oppose the oil price hike. […]

April 21, 2014

RFM Corporation – Flour Division and SFI Feeds Division vs Kasapian ng Mangga-gawang Pinagkaisa – RFM

578 SCRA 34 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Collective Bargaining Agreement; Construction and Interpretation In the year 2000, the Flour Division and the SFI Feeds Division of the […]

April 18, 2014

Sime Darby Pilipinas, Inc. vs National Labor Relations Commission

289 SCRA 86 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Management Prerogative The workers of Sime Darby Pilipinas, Inc. have a an 8-hour daily schedule which starts at 7:45 am […]

April 17, 2014

Travelaire and Tours Corporation vs National Labor Relations Commission

294 SCRA 505 – Labor Law – Labor Standards – Separation Pay – When Available In April 1994, Nenita Medelyn resigned as chief accountant for Travelaire and Tours Corporation. In […]

April 17, 2014

Leyte Land Transportation Company vs Leyte Farmer’s and Laborer’s Union

80 Phil. 842 – Labor Law – Labor Standards – Minimum Wage; Defined – Who are covered Sometime in the mid-1940’s, seventy-six drivers and laborers who were members of the […]

April 17, 2014

Hermogenes Mortera vs Court of Industrial Relations

79 Phil. 345 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Picketing – Illegal Picketing – Splitting of Unions Political Law – Constitutional Law – Freedom of Speech – Picketing In […]

April 9, 2014

Martiniano Sarmiento vs Employees’ Compensation Commission

144 SCRA 421 – Labor Law – Social Legislation – Increased Risk Theory  From 1976 to 1980, Martiniano Sarmiento had been working as a casual laborer in the Bureau of […]

April 8, 2014

Rizaldy Quitoriano vs Jebsens Maritime, Inc.

610 SCRA 529 – Labor Law – Social Legislation – Total Permanent Disability In May 2001, while Rizaldy Quitoriano was on duty as an employee (2nd Officer) aboard the foreign […]

April 8, 2014

Narcisa De Leon vs National Labor Union

100 Phil 789 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Picketing Political Law – Constitutional Law – Freedom of Speech  Narcisa De Leon was the owner of a parcel of […]

April 4, 2014

Session Delights Ice Cream and Fast Foods vs Court of Appeals

612 SCRA 10 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – NIRC Remedies – Computation of Backwages/Separation Pay Adonis Flora filed an illegal dismissal case against Session Delights and Fast Foods […]

March 31, 2014

Dario Nacar vs Gallery Frames

703 SCRA 439 – Civil Law – Torts and Damages – Actual and Compensatory Damages – Legal Rate of Interest is now 6% Labor Law – Labor Relations – Illegal […]

March 12, 2014

Joelson Iloreta vs Philippine Transmarine Carriers, Inc.

607 SCRA 796 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Seafarers – Permanent Total Disability – Physician’s Findings In 2002, Joelson Iloreta was hired as a seaman aboard a foreign ship […]

February 13, 2014

Malayang Samahan ng mga Manggagawa sa M. Greenfield vs Cresencio Ramos

Commercial Law – Corporation Law – Veil of Corporate Fiction – Illegal Dismissal Cases  In February 1990, M. Greenfield, Inc. (MGI), through its officers Saul Tawil, Carlos Javelosa, and Renato […]

January 15, 2014

Philippine Transmarine Carriers. Inc. vs John Melchor Laurente et al

Labor Law – Social Legislation – Repatriation – Permanent Disability – POEA Contract In 1993, John Melchor Laurente was hired as an engineer by Philippine Transmarine Carriers for its principal […]

November 1, 2013

Jackbilt Industries, Inc. vs Jackbilt Employees Workers Union-NAFLU-KMU

Labor Law – Labor Relations – Illegal Strike In 1997, Jackbilt Industries forced some of its employees to go on a six-month leave as it was experiencing financial difficulties due […]

October 24, 2013

Cirtek Employees Labor Union vs Cirtek Electronics, Inc.

Labor Law – Labor Relations – Power of the Secretary of Labor in Resolving CBA Disputes In 2005, a CBA dispute arose between Cirtek Electronics and Cirtek Employees Labor Union […]

October 22, 2013

2013 Labor Law Exam MCQs

[Below are the Multiple Choice Questions asked in the 2013 Bar Exams in Labor Law. Answers are highlighted.] 1. The parties to a labor dispute can validly submit to voluntary […]

October 21, 2013

2013 Labor Law Exam Essay Questions

I. Jose and Erica, former sweethearts, both worked as sales representatives for Magna, a multinational firm engaged in the manufacture and sale of pharmaceutical products. Although the couple had already […]

October 21, 2013

Philippine Movie Pictures Workers’ Association vs Premiere Productions, Inc.

Labor Standards – Police Power – Employment as a Property Right  In October 1951, Premiere Productions, Inc. (PPI) filed a petition with the Court of Industrial relations (CIR) seeking authority […]

August 9, 2013

William Barroga vs Data Center College et al

Labor Law – Labor Standards – Protection To Labor – When Is There No Diminution of Benefits In November 1991, William Barroga was hired as an instructor by Data Center […]

July 18, 2013

Jomar Verdadero vs Barney Autolines Group of Companies Transport, Inc. et al

Labor Law – Labor Standards – Security of Tenure – Illegal Dismissal – Remedies therefor Jomar Verdadero is a bus conductor of Barney Autolines. In January 2008, he had an […]

July 15, 2013

Bank of the Philippine Islands vs BPI Employees Union-Davao Chapter-Federation of Unions in BPI Unibank

Labor Law – Labor Standards – Security of Tenure vs Unionism In 2000, Far East Bank (FEB) was absorbed by the Bank of the Philippine Islands (BPI). Now BPI has […]

July 15, 2013

Spic N’ Span Services Corporation vs Gloria Paje et al

Labor Law – Labor Standards – Primacy of the Constitutional Right of Security of Tenure Over Procedural Rights in Labor Cases In February 1998, Gloria Paje and 10 others were  […]

July 15, 2013

Julito Sagales vs Rustan’s Commercial Corporation

Labor Law – Labor Standards – Security of Tenure – Penalty to Erring Employee Must be Commensurate to Infraction In October 1970, Julito Sagales was employed by Rustan’s Commercial Corporation […]

July 15, 2013

People of the Philippines vs Carlos Garcia y Pineda

271 SCRA 621 – Business Organization – Corporation Law – Corporation By Estoppel – Ostensible Corporation  In 1993, Carlos Garcia, Patricio Botero, and Luisa Miraples were accused of illegal recruitment. […]

February 2, 2013

Constancia Duldulao vs Court of Appeals

Labor Standards – Constructive Dismissal – Demotion  In August 1996, an administrative complaint was filed against Constancia Duldulao, a secretary/typist of the College of Law of the Baguio Colleges Foundation […]

September 25, 2012

Labor Law MCQs

This is Set A of the 2011 Bar Exams on Labor Law. The answers are bolded. 1. The union’s by-laws provided for burial assistance to the family of a member […]

April 8, 2012

Toyota Motor Philippines Corporation vs Toyota Motor Philippines Corporation Workers Association

537 SCRA 171 – Labor Law – Labor Relations – Categories of Illegal Strikes In May 2000, Mediator-Arbiter Ma. Zosima Lameyra issued an order certifying Toyota Motor Philippines Corporation Workers […]

March 4, 2012

Who is an employer?

In the Philippines, there are at least seven laws that gave definition as to who an employer is and they are the following: 1. Republic Act 8282: Social Security Act […]

January 12, 2012

Benjamin Victoriano vs Elizalde Rope Workers’ Union

59 SCRA 54 – Political Law – Primacy of the Constitution over Contractual Rights Benjamin Victoriano, an Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) member, has been an employee of the Elizalde Rope […]

December 5, 2011